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Monday, 27 March 2017

Blood in Stool; What to do if you have blood in stool

The presence of blood in the stool should cause you to consult a Physician. If the cause is often benign (hemorrhoids, constipation), it can also be a sign of a disease, sometimes serious. And be careful, the amount of blood in the stool is not necessarily a sign of severity (colorectal cancer).

Blood in Stool

What are the conditions that can cause blood in the stool?
Hemorrhoids
They correspond to dilatations of the veins in the anal region, which are liable to bleed and are painful. Hemorrhoids are one of the most common causes of blood in the stool. If they are benign, the doctor can reassure you and institute treatment.

The constipation
Another very common and benign cause of anal bleeding, constipation causes anal fissures, a kind of tearing of the mucous membrane that bleed.

The proctitis
It is an inflammation of the rectal mucosa which can lead to the appearance of blood in the stools, whose origins are diverse: infectious, parasitic, abuse of suppositories, radiotherapy ...

Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are manifested by the presence of blood in the stool.
These inflammatory bowel diseases, which are often accompanied by diarrhea and abdominal pain, require long-term treatment and medical follow-up.

Gastrointestinal ulcer
Ulcers in the stomach or duodenum cause bleeding that is detected in the stool.
The doctor will prescribe drugs to prevent the secretion of gastric acid.

Erosion of a colon diverticulum
Diverticula are small hernias that develop along the outer wall of the colon.
With small blood vessels, their erosion is accompanied by bleeding.
Being, diverticulum nevertheless require a consultation to confirm the diagnosis.
In case of recurrence, a surgical resection will remove the part of the intestine where the diverticulum is located.

Gastric erosion
Most often of medicinal origin (aspirin, anti-inflammatory), the gastric erosions require an adaptation of the medicinal treatment in question.

Esophageal varices
Esophageal varices correspond to dilatations of the veins of the esophagus wall. They show no symptoms, except when they rupture (resulting in the appearance of blood) in case of increased blood pressure in the door system.

Blood in stool and colorectal cancer
Colorectal cancer also results in blood in the stool, but most often in undetectable amounts to the naked eye. Only a specific examination can reveal it. This is the immunoassay (a new test that replaces the  Hemoccult test ), which is used to detect traces of blood in the stool, which is recommended for organized screening for this colon cancer. It is offered every two years from the age of 50 years. It is also advisable to start this test earlier if there is a family history of colon cancer or certain diseases (ulcerative hemorrhagic ulcer, familial adenomatous polyposis).

Blood in the stool: when to consult?
Systematically ...  Although most of the conditions that cause blood in the stool are being, it is advisable to consult your doctor to confirm the diagnosis and not miss a more serious illness ...

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