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Monday, 31 March 2014

Dandruff: where it comes from, and what to do

Dandruff - a common enough phenomenon that sooner or later face almost everything, and some are fighting for years. Dandruff is not easy to win, but still possible: get help from ancient folk remedies based on natural products and modern scientific developments.

Causes of Dandruff 

Loose clothes on gray-white flakes of dandruff look sloppy, and thus create difficulties in communication and cause insecurities. Where does dandruff? Cause in most cases, you should look in your own body: dandruff shows some failures in its work. For example, it may be due to metabolic disorders , triggered by stress, wrong mode of the day, inappropriate diets, hormonal imbalances and a variety of other reasons. Sometimes the situation is aggravated and improper care of the hair and scalp.

Dandruff is often a symptom of dermatological diseases such as seborrhea. This disease occurs most often as a result of hormonal disruptions in the body, which can increase the activity of the sebaceous glands. Increased production of sebum and change its chemical composition weakens the protective properties of the scalp and provokes reproduction of fungal infections .

As you know, the human skin is home to many bacteria, fungi and microbes. While a person is healthy, these "tenants" did not make themselves known, but hardly in the body there are failures, they are activated and start to proliferate. Likewise behaves like fungus Pityrosporum Ovale (or Malassezia Furfur). If normal cell growth is gradual, and the upper layer of the epidermis updated about a month, the result of a fungus that period is reduced by several times. New skin cells grow too quickly and die and remain on the scalp and hair in the form of unpleasant gryaznovatyh flakes. In addition to this fungus irritates the scalp, causing itching and burning of the skin.


Dry or oily?

There are two types of dandruff: dry and oily. Dry dandruff appears as a result of violations of metabolism : changes in the composition secret that produce sebaceous glands located on the scalp. Sebum becomes too thick, and the dead cells of the scalp exfoliate too active. This looks like dandruff flakes small grayish color, it settles on the hair and showered on clothing. Hair thus do not look in the best way: they fade, weaken, become brittle and fall out.

Frequent shampooing with dry dandruff only aggravates the situation. The skin becomes sensitive, prone to irritation.

Oily dandruff appears when the sebaceous glands in the head work too actively. On the surface of the scalp a dense crust, consisting of flakes of dead skin. Oily dandruff is dirty yellowish tinge. Hair loses shine, stick together, become greasy.


Dandruff treatment

Fight dandruff as such virtually meaningless: this illness in itself is not a disease, but merely indicates the functional disorders in the body. It is for this reason ineffective dandruff shampoos advertised: they only washed flakes with hair, but do not eliminate the cause. As a result of dandruff returns, you only stop using the "miracle shampoo."

If the cause of the "snow" on the hair is known, then it's simple: you need to fix this cause. For example, if dandruff was a response to the use of a means for hair care, just stop using this tool. But more often owes its origin to a whole range of dandruff causes, which means that the treatment of dandruff and should be comprehensive.

This means that you have to change your lifestyle. It should be balanced feed to the diet is not dominated by the simple carbohydrates and fats. The food should be rich in vitamins and trace elements. Mental hygiene is very important: you must learn to cope with stress, get rid of stress if not impossible.

Not do without local treatment, which is usually to use special shampoos, and sometimes other means for the recovery of the scalp. Best of all, if a suitable shampoo pick a doctor after examining the scalp. If a visit to a trichologist for some reason can not, you can at your own risk pick shampoo by trial and error. In this case, the struggle with dandruff may take a long time, but sooner or later have a chance to find a facility that will help deal with the problem.

Choosing the Right Shampoo

Dandruff shampoos can contain anti-inflammatory, anti-fungal, exfoliating ingredients. Some of them act as a scrub, effectively cleansing the scalp of dandruff flakes. Others contain in its composition components that relieve irritation and soothe the skin. Many funds have a complex effect: struggling with several types of fungi and bacteria, exfoliate, soothe the scalp, strengthen hair. Usually dandruff shampoos available in pharmacies without a prescription, although some funds for the purchase may be required a doctor's prescription.

Antibacterial and antifungal effect are shampoos with zinc pyrithione. When seborrheic dermatitis help shampoos containing coal tar. Selenium sulfide shampoo comprising slow down the process of exfoliation of skin cells and reduce the activity of yeast Malassezia Furfur. Shampoos with salicylic acid to exfoliate the skin on the scalp, thereby removing dead skin cells. A means of ketoconazole have potent antifungal activity.


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